Viewing cable 02ROME5830
Title: WFP LAUNCHES NORTH KOREA EMERGENCY OPERATION FOR

IdentifierCreatedReleasedClassificationOrigin
02ROME58302002-12-03 14:24:00 2011-08-30 01:44:00 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Rome
This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.
UNCLAS ROME 005830 
 
SIPDIS 
 
GAO FOR PTHOMAS 
 
FROM U.S. MISSION IN ROME 
 
AMEMBASSY BEIJING FOR AMBASSADOR RANDT AND USDA/FAS LARRY 
SENGER 
AMEMBASSY SEOUL FOR AMBASSADOR HUBBARD AND USDA/FAS GRANT 
PETRIE 
AMEMBASSY TOKYO FOR AMBASSADOR BAKER AND USDA/FAS HALE 
STATE FOR A/S PRM DEWEY, IO A/S HOLMES, EAP/CM, AND IO/D 
USDA/FAS FOR U/S PENN, MCHAMBLISS AND RTILSWORTH 
USAID FOR ADMINISTRATOR NATSIOS, AA/DCHA WINTER, AND 
D/DCHA/FFP LANDIS 
NSC FOR JDWORKEN 
USDOC FOR IEP/OPB/EAP 
TREASURY FOR OASIA/WINGLE AND ITT/CHANG 
 
E.O.  12958:  N/A 
TAGS: EAID PREL PREF EAGR ECON KN PREL PREF EAGR ECON KN PREL PREF EAGR ECON KN KS UN KS EAID UN KS EAID UN
SUBJECT: WFP LAUNCHES NORTH KOREA EMERGENCY OPERATION FOR 
2003 - USD 201.08 MILLION 
 
REF: (A) ROME 5392 
 
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SUMMARY 
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¶1. ON DECEMBER 2, WORLD FOOD PROGRAM LAUNCHED ITS 2003 
EMERGENCY OPERATION (EMOP) FOR NORTH KOREA - ONE YEAR 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ROME  05830  01 OF 03  031555Z 
(JANUARY- DECEMBER 2003), VALUED AT USD 201.08 MILLION, TO 
ASSIST 6.4 MILLION PEOPLE - MAINLY WOMEN AND CHILDREN - WHO 
WILL STILL NEED FOOD ASSISTANCE IN SPITE OF A SLIGHT 
INCREASE IN PROJECTED HARVESTS. WFP EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR JAMES 
MORRIS VISITED NORTH KOREA, CHINA, SOUTH KOREA AND JAPAN 
DURING NOVEMBER 2002, AND IS SERIOUSLY CONCERNED WITH THE 
SIZEABLE RATCHETING DOWN OF BENEFICIARY COVERAGE (BY THREE 
MILLION) DUE TO LACK OF DONOR SUPPORT. CLEARLY, LACK OF ANY 
JAPANESE FOOD ASSISTANCE SUPPORT DURING 2002 (THEY 
CONTRIBUTED 320,000 METRIC TONS IN 2001) - HAS HURT THE 
PROGRAM. MORRIS' STATEMENT TO THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL ON 
DECEMBER 3 (WHERE HE WILL HIGHLIGHT INTER ALIA CURRENT FOOD 
SHORTFALLS IN NORTH KOREA) AND SUBSEQUENT VISIT TO 
WASHINGTON ON DECEMBER 5 WILL OFFER OPPORTUNITIES FOR DIRECT 
DIALOGUE ON 2003 SUPPORT LEVELS AND THE CRITICAL NEED FOR 
INCREASED WFP MONITORING AND ACCESS TO FOOD AID 
DISTRIBUTIONS THROUGHOUT NORTH KOREA. END SUMMARY. 
 
---------- 
BACKGROUND 
---------- 
 
¶2. IN 2003, WFP ESTIMATES THAT 6.4 MILLION PEOPLE IN THE DPR 
KOREA - MAINLY WOMEN AND CHILDREN - WILL STILL NEED FOOD 
ASSISTANCE IN SPITE OF A SLIGHT INCREASE IN PROJECTED 
HARVESTS.  A JOINT FAO/WFP CROP AND FOOD SUPPLY ASSESSMENT 
MISSION, WHICH VISITED THE DPRK IN SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2002 
HAS FORECAST A 4.9 PERCENT INCREASE IN 2002/03 (NOVEMBER- 
OCTOBER) PRODUCTION OVER LAST YEAR'S PRODUCTION.  WHILE THIS 
HELPS THE NATIONAL FOOD BALANCE SHEET, DOMESTIC PRODUCTION 
WILL AGAIN FALL BELOW MINIMUM FOOD NEEDS AND THE COUNTRY 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ROME  05830  01 OF 03  031555Z 
WILL AGAIN HAVE TO DEPEND ON SUBSTANTIAL EXTERNAL FOOD 
ASSISTANCE FOR THE NEXT YEAR AS ITS CAPACITY TO IMPORT 
COMMERCIALLY IS HIGHLY CONSTRAINED. 
 
¶3. SINCE 1995 WFP HAS DELIVERED ABOUT 3 MILLION TONNES OF 
FOOD AID, MOSTLY CEREALS, TO THE DPRK. FOR 2002, UNDER 
EMERGENCY OPERATION 10141.0, THE PROVISION OF 611,000 TONNES 
OF FOOD AID WAS APPROVED TO ASSIST 6.4 MILLION PEOPLE AT A 
TOTAL COST TO WFP OF USD 215.8 MILLION.  HOWEVER, THE 
OPERATION REMAINED LARGELY UNDER RESOURCED THROUGHOUT THE 
YEAR.  BY THE END OF 2002, LESS THAN 450,000 TONNES WILL 
HAVE BEEN DISTRIBUTED.  WFP FOOD SHORTAGES HAVE BECOME MOST 
ACUTE IN THE LAST QUARTER OF THE YEAR AND, WITH FEW PLEDGES 
MADE IN LATE 2002 FOR ARRIVAL IN 2003, THERE WILL BE VERY 
LIMITED CARRY-OVER STOCKS.  BY NOVEMBER, NEARLY 3 MILLION 
NURSERY, KINDERGARTEN, PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOL 
CHILDREN, AS WELL AS PREGNANT AND NURSING WOMEN - ALL ON THE 
WEST COAST - WERE DENIED WFP RATIONS. 
 
------------------------ 
WFP'S PROPOSED 2003 EMOP 
------------------------ 
 
¶4. THE PRINCIPAL OBJECTIVES OF WFP'S 2003 NORTH KOREA EMOP 
ARE TO: 
 
-SAVE LIVES BY PREVENTING FOOD SHORTAGES FROM DEVELOPING 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
                           UNCLASSIFIED     PTQ1017 
 
PAGE 01        ROME  05830  02 OF 03  031556Z 
ACTION EAP-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   NP-00    AGRE-00  AID-00   AMAD-00  CA-01    CIAE-00 
      CTME-00  INL-00   USNW-00  DOEE-00  ITCE-00  DOTE-00  SRPP-00 
      DS-00    EB-00    EXME-00  EUR-00   E-00     FAAE-00  FBIE-00 
      UTED-00  FOE-00   VC-00    FRB-00   H-01     TEDE-00  INR-00 
      IO-00    ITC-01   LAB-01   L-00     VCE-00   MMP-00   AC-01 
      DCP-01   NSAE-00  NSCE-00  OCS-03   OES-00   OIC-02   OMB-01 
      OPIC-01  PA-00    PM-00    ACE-00   P-00     SCT-00   SP-00 
      IRM-00   SSO-00   SS-00    STR-00   TEST-00  T-00     USIE-00 
      FMP-00   R-00     EPAE-00  PMB-00   DSCC-00  PRM-00   DRL-02 
      G-00     NFAT-00  SAS-00   SWCI-00    /015W 
                  ------------------120412  031746Z /38 
P 031424Z DEC 02 
FM AMEMBASSY ROME 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 7179 
INFO EU MEMBER STATES COLLECTIVE 
AMEMBASSY BEIJING 
AMEMBASSY SEOUL 
AMEMBASSY TOKYO 
AMEMBASSY CANBERRA 
USEU BRUSSELS 2986 
USMISSION GENEVA 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
USDOC WASHDC 
DEPT OF TREASURY WASHDC 
SECDEF WASHDC 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        ROME  05830  02 OF 03  031556Z 
UNCLAS SECTION 02 OF 03 ROME 005830 
 
SIPDIS 
 
GAO FOR PTHOMAS 
 
FROM U.S. MISSION IN ROME 
 
AMEMBASSY BEIJING FOR AMBASSADOR RANDT AND USDA/FAS LARRY 
SENGER 
AMEMBASSY SEOUL FOR AMBASSADOR HUBBARD AND USDA/FAS GRANT 
PETRIE 
AMEMBASSY TOKYO FOR AMBASSADOR BAKER AND USDA/FAS HALE 
STATE FOR A/S PRM DEWEY, IO A/S HOLMES, EAP/CM, AND IO/D 
USDA/FAS FOR U/S PENN, MCHAMBLISS AND RTILSWORTH 
USAID FOR ADMINISTRATOR NATSIOS, AA/DCHA WINTER, AND 
D/DCHA/FFP LANDIS 
NSC FOR JDWORKEN 
USDOC FOR IEP/OPB/EAP 
TREASURY FOR OASIA/WINGLE AND ITT/CHANG 
 
E.O.  12958:  N/A 
TAGS: EAID PREL PREF EAGR ECON KN PREL PREF EAGR ECON KN PREL PREF EAGR ECON KN KS UN KS EAID UN KS EAID UN
SUBJECT: WFP LAUNCHES NORTH KOREA EMERGENCY OPERATION FOR 
2003 - USD 201.08 MILLION 
 
INTO FAMINE CONDITIONS; 
-MAINTAIN AND/OR IMPROVE THE NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF YOUNG 
CHILDREN, WOMEN OF CHILD BEARING AGE AND OTHER VULNERABLE 
GROUPS; 
-SUPPORT AGRICULTURAL RECOVERY THROUGH RELIEF AND 
REHABILITATION FOOD FOR WORK PROJECTS. 
 
¶5. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES WILL AIM AT REDUCING THE IMPACT OF 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ROME  05830  02 OF 03  031556Z 
NATURAL DISASTERS, PARTICULARLY THOSE ATTRIBUTED TO SEASONAL 
TYPHOONS, AND MITIGATING THE POTENTIAL NEGATIVE AND 
DISPROPORTIONATE IMPACT OF ECONOMIC REFORMS ON THE FOOD 
SECURITY OF CERTAIN SEGMENTS OF THE POPULATION. 
 
¶6. WFP'S PROGRAMME WILL CONTINUE TO TARGET SPECIFIC GROUPS 
WITHIN THE POPULATION, WHO HAVE SPECIAL DIETARY NEEDS AND/OR 
HAVE NO WAY OF MEETING THEIR OWN MINIMUM ENERGY REQUIREMENTS 
AND SOME OF THEIR MICRO-NUTRIENT NEEDS.  THESE INCLUDE 
CHILDREN FROM 6 MONTHS TO 10 YEARS, PREGNANT AND NURSING 
WOMEN, THE ELDERLY AND THOSE PARTICULARLY AFFECTED BY 
NATURAL DISASTERS AND THE ECONOMIC DOWNTURN.  IN 2003, WFP 
WILL SHIFT ITS TARGETING MORE TOWARDS THOSE DEPENDENT ON THE 
PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM, RESIDING PREDOMINANTLY IN URBAN 
AREAS.  WITH THE EXCEPTION OF ORPHANS, WFP WILL  EXCLUDE 
FROM ITS COVERAGE RESIDENTS OF CENTRAL PYONGYANG. 
 
------------------------- 
WFP ACCESS AND MONITORING 
------------------------- 
 
¶7. WFP'S POLICY OF "NO ACCESS, NO FOOD" WILL CONTINUE.  THIS 
MEANS THAT ONLY THOSE COUNTIES/DISTRICTS WHERE WFP IS 
GRANTED ACCESS WILL RECEIVE DISTRIBUTIONS.  DUE TO CHANGES 
IN THE ADMINISTRATIVE SET-UP OF HAMHUNG CITY ANNOUNCED BY 
THE GOVERNMENT IN LATE 2001, SEVEN DISTRICTS WERE MERGED 
INTO TWO - HAMHUNG AND HUNGNAM CITIES.  THE ACCESSIBLE 
COUNTIES AND TOTAL COUNTIES FIGURES WERE THUS ADJUSTED (I.E. 
EACH REDUCED BY FIVE) TO REFLECT THIS CHANGE.  THEREFORE, 
WFP CURRENTLY HAS ACCESS TO 163 OUT OF 206 
COUNTIES/DISTRICTS.  THIS ACCOUNTS FOR ABOUT 87 PERCENT OF 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ROME  05830  02 OF 03  031556Z 
WHAT IS BELIEVED TO BE THE COUNTRY'S TOTAL CIVILIAN 
POPULATION OF 22.6 MILLION. 
 
¶8. NO NEW COUNTIES WERE OPENED TO WFP DURING 2002.  THE MOST 
RECENT COUNTY TO BE DECLARED ACCESSIBLE - SAKJU, IN NORTH 
PYONGAN PROVINCE - WAS DONE SO IN OCTOBER 2001.  WFP REMAINS 
HIGHLY CONCERNED FOR THE PLIGHT OF POPULATION IN 
INACCESSIBLE COUNTIES, AND IN 2003, WFP WILL CONTINUE ITS 
EFFORTS TO GAIN ACCESS TO ADDITIONAL COUNTIES. 
 
¶9. WFP WILL ALSO CONTINUE TO SEEK WIDER ACCESS TO 
INFORMATION ON FARMERS' MARKETS AND PRICES IN ORDER TO 
ACHIEVE A GREATER UNDERSTANDING OF THE HOUSEHOLD FOOD 
SECURITY SITUATION. 
 
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COMMENT 
------- 
 
¶10. WFP EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR JAMES MORRIS VISITED NORTH KOREA, 
CHINA, SOUTH KOREA AND JAPAN DURING NOVEMBER 2002 (REF A), 
AND IS SERIOUSLY CONCERNED WITH THE SIZEABLE PRESENT 
RATCHETING DOWN OF BENEFICIARY COVERAGE (BY THREE MILLION) 
DUE TO LACK OF DONOR SUPPORT. CLEARLY, LACK OF ANY JAPANESE 
FOOD ASSISTANCE DURING 2002 (THEY CONTRIBUTED 320,000 METRIC 
TONS IN 2001) - HAS HURT THE PROGRAM. MORRIS' STATEMENT TO 
THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL ON DECEMBER 3 (WHERE HE WILL 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
                           UNCLASSIFIED     PTQ1018 
 
PAGE 01        ROME  05830  03 OF 03  031556Z 
ACTION EAP-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   NP-00    AGRE-00  AID-00   AMAD-00  CA-01    CIAE-00 
      CTME-00  DOEE-00  ITCE-00  DOTE-00  SRPP-00  DS-00    EB-00 
      EXME-00  EUR-00   E-00     FAAE-00  FBIE-00  UTED-00  FOE-00 
      VC-00    FRB-00   H-01     TEDE-00  INR-00   IO-00    ITC-01 
      LAB-01   L-00     VCE-00   MMP-00   AC-01    DCP-01   NSAE-00 
      NSCE-00  OCS-03   OES-00   OIC-02   OMB-01   OPIC-01  PA-00 
      PM-00    ACE-00   P-00     SCT-00   SP-00    IRM-00   SSO-00 
      SS-00    STR-00   TEST-00  T-00     USIE-00  FMP-00   R-00 
      PMB-00   DSCC-00  PRM-00   DRL-02   G-00     NFAT-00  SAS-00 
      SWCI-00    /015W 
                  ------------------120419  031746Z /38 
P 031424Z DEC 02 
FM AMEMBASSY ROME 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 7180 
INFO EU MEMBER STATES COLLECTIVE 
AMEMBASSY BEIJING 
AMEMBASSY SEOUL 
AMEMBASSY TOKYO 
AMEMBASSY CANBERRA 
USEU BRUSSELS 2987 
USMISSION GENEVA 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
USDOC WASHDC 
DEPT OF TREASURY WASHDC 
SECDEF WASHDC 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        ROME  05830  03 OF 03  031556Z 
UNCLAS SECTION 03 OF 03 ROME 005830 
 
SIPDIS 
 
GAO FOR PTHOMAS 
 
FROM U.S. MISSION IN ROME 
 
AMEMBASSY BEIJING FOR AMBASSADOR RANDT AND USDA/FAS LARRY 
SENGER 
AMEMBASSY SEOUL FOR AMBASSADOR HUBBARD AND USDA/FAS GRANT 
PETRIE 
AMEMBASSY TOKYO FOR AMBASSADOR BAKER AND USDA/FAS HALE 
STATE FOR A/S PRM DEWEY, IO A/S HOLMES, EAP/CM, AND IO/D 
USDA/FAS FOR U/S PENN, MCHAMBLISS AND RTILSWORTH 
USAID FOR ADMINISTRATOR NATSIOS, AA/DCHA WINTER, AND 
D/DCHA/FFP LANDIS 
NSC FOR JDWORKEN 
USDOC FOR IEP/OPB/EAP 
TREASURY FOR OASIA/WINGLE AND ITT/CHANG 
 
E.O.  12958:  N/A 
TAGS: EAID PREL PREF EAGR ECON KN PREL PREF EAGR ECON KN PREL PREF EAGR ECON KN KS UN KS EAID UN KS EAID UN
SUBJECT: WFP LAUNCHES NORTH KOREA EMERGENCY OPERATION FOR 
2003 - USD 201.08 MILLION 
 
HIGHLIGHT INTER ALIA CURRENT FOOD SHORTFALLS IN NORTH KOREA) 
AND VISIT TO WASHINGTON ON DECEMBER 5 WILL OFFER 
OPPORTUNITIES FOR DIRECT DIALOGUE ON 2003 SUPPORT LEVELS AND 
THE CRITICAL NEED FOR INCREASED WFP MONITORING AND ACCESS TO 
FOOD AID DISTRIBUTIONS THROUGHOUT NORTH KOREA. HEILEMAN 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
> 
 2002ROME05830 - Classification: UNCLASSIFIED