Viewing cable 06JAKARTA3482
Title: CODEL FEINGOLD MEETS TNI COMMANDER DJOKO SUYANTO

IdentifierCreatedReleasedClassificationOrigin
06JAKARTA34822006-03-17 11:10:00 2011-08-30 01:44:00 CONFIDENTIAL Embassy Jakarta
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OO RUEHCHI RUEHDT RUEHHM
DE RUEHJA #3482/01 0761110
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
O 171110Z MAR 06
FM AMEMBASSY JAKARTA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 1256
INFO RUEHZS/ASSOCIATION OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN NATIONS IMMEDIATE
RUEHBY/AMEMBASSY CANBERRA IMMEDIATE 9217
RUEHWL/AMEMBASSY WELLINGTON IMMEDIATE 0713
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC IMMEDIATE
RHHMUNA/USCINCPAC HONOLULU HI IMMEDIATE
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC IMMEDIATE
RUCNFB/DIR FBI WASHDC IMMEDIATE
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 03 JAKARTA 003482 
 
SIPDIS 
 
CODEL 
SIPDIS 
 
DEPT FOR EAP/MTS 
DOJ FOR CTS THORNTON, AAG SWARTZ 
FBI FOR ETTIU/SSA ROTH 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 03/17/2015 
TAGS: PREL PGOV PTER KJUS OREP ASEC ID
SUBJECT: CODEL FEINGOLD MEETS TNI COMMANDER DJOKO SUYANTO 
 
REF: A. SECSTATE 22610 
     ¶B. JAKARTA 1015 AMBASSADOR MEETS AG SALEH ON TIMIKA 
 
Classified By: Political Officer Tim Hefner For Reasons 1.4 (b) and (d) 
 
SUMMARY 
-------- 
 
¶1. (C) Senator Feingold called on Indonesian Armed Forces 
(TNI) Commander (Panglima) Air Chief Marshal Djoko Suyanto 
February 24.  The Panglima reviewed structural reforms that 
the military has undertaken over the past several years and 
affirmed civilian control over the institution.  The Panglima 
assured the Senator that the TNI has taken steps to remove 
itself from business enterprises and pledged the TNI's 
adherence to law and justice concerning war crimes, crimes 
against humanity, and the 2002 Timika incident.  With respect 
to Timika, the Panglima said that a 21-month investigation by 
the FBI had found no involvement by the TNI, which would 
continue to cooperate in any further investigation.  Senator 
Feingold urged accountability for the TNI specifically on 
events in East Timor in 1999 and the Timika case.  On 
counterterrorism, the Panglima noted the TNI's supporting 
role to the Indonesian National Police but mentioned 
President Yudhoyono's call for an aggressive stance by the 
TNI against terrorism.  The Panglima described Papua as not a 
security issue but one involving politics and public welfare. 
 Senator Feingold encouraged the TNI commander to open the 
province to journalists and foreign observers.  End Summary. 
 
Senator Feingold Meet TNI Commander 
------------------------------------ 
 
¶2. (U) Senator Feingold called on TNI Panglima Air Chief 
Marshal Djoko Suyanto February 24.  The Senator was 
accompanied by Foreign Policy Adviser Grey Frandsen, Senate 
Intelligence Committee staff member Evan Gottesman, and the 
Ambassador.  Suyanto was accompanied by his assistant for 
General Plans Air Vice Marshal Rio Mendung, Assistant for 
Intelligence and Chief of the TNI Strategic Intelligence 
Agency(BAIS) Major General Nurdin Zainal, and Head of 
Information Service Major General Kohirin Suganda.  Senator 
Feingold opened with congratulations to the Panglima who 
officially took commander earlier that week and thanked the 
commander for his friendship and cooperation.  Senator 
Feingold said the U.S.-Indonesian bilateral relationship has 
become one of the most important in the world and promised to 
inform his colleagues in Washington about the state of the 
TNI. 
 
TNI Reforms 
------------ 
 
¶3. (SBU) The Panglima opened with a summary of TNI reforms 
that have taken place since 1998.  He explained that the 
military focused heavily on socio-politics in the past, but 
in the intervening 8 years, the TNI effectively has removed 
itself from the political arena.  The Panglima noted that TNI 
officers no longer hold positions within civilian GOI offices 
or the Parliament despite Indonesian law allowing them to do 
so until 2009.  He added that although changing mindsets 
remains an institutional challenge, organizational structure 
and the training curriculum for officers and non-commissioned 
officers reflects the TNI emphasis on professionalism and 
national defense. 
 
¶4. (SBU) Senator Feingold praised the TNI on its response to 
the December 26, 2004 tsunami and its implementation of the 
Aceh peace accords.  The Panglima responded that the TNI's 
response to the GOI's civilian leadership's orders regarding 
the tsunami aftermath and the peace agreement shows that the 
TNI does in fact operate under the control and at the 
direction of civilian leadership.  He noted that criminals 
have sparked sporadic violence in Aceh since the signing of 
the peace agreement and that the TNI will safeguard peace 
there. 
 
TNI Financing 
-------------- 
 
¶5. (SBU) Senator Feingold asked about TNI financing from 
 
JAKARTA 00003482  002 OF 003 
 
 
business interests, and the Panglima responded that very 
little funding continues to come from TNI-operated 
businesses, and statements that 30-40% of TNI financing came 
from outside sources were not true.  The Panglima said that 
since 2004, the TNI has not been allowed to engage in new 
business activities, and all available information on TNI 
businesses has been passed to the Ministry of Defense and the 
Ministry of State Enterprises.  The sale of these businesses 
awaits their and several other ministries' decision on who 
will take over the businesses' operations.  The Panglima 
emphasized that the TNI operates under civilian control and 
obeys the orders of the GOI. 
 
TNI and the Administration of Justice 
-------------------------------------- 
 
¶6. (SBU) Senator Feingold asked if members of TNI would be 
brought to justice for war crimes and crimes against 
humanity, and the Panglima responded that the public remains 
ill-informed regarding military justice issues and internal 
sanctions.  He stated that many officers have been tried in 
military courts, including some involved in East Timor in 
1999 and in incidents before 1998, but these cases have not 
been reported by the press.  He added that the public can 
access military court decisions, but the TNI does not 
actively publicize its decisions.  When pressed about 
convictions, the Panglima answered that a General, other 
officers, and NCOs have been convicted in military courts in 
recent years.  Senator Feingold urged the TNI to announce 
such convictions for the sake of accountability and 
credibility and requested a copy of this information as well. 
 The Panglima mentioned a draft law pending in Parliament 
which would make TNI members subject to prosecution in the 
civilian courts. 
 
TNI and Counterterrorism 
------------------------- 
 
¶7. (C) Responding to the Senator's question about TNI 
counterterrorism efforts, the Panglima reiterated that the 
TNI primarily focuses on national defense.  However, he added 
that according to President Yudhoyono's policy, the TNI takes 
an active and aggressive stance in CT matters and continues 
to sharpen its territorial commands to safeguard the country 
and to cooperation with the police.  He said, "On my side, I 
will guarantee it," that the territorial commands are not 
used by the GOI to control the people of Indonesia as they 
were under the Soeharto regime.  The Panglima said that the 
TNI has no arrest powers and must pass any CT-related 
information to the Indonesian National Police (INP), the 
institution with primary responsibility for homeland 
security.  He said the TNI and INP have a close working 
relationship, and the INP coordinates well with Malaysian and 
Australian authorities.  The Panglima said terrorism remains 
a very serious problem for the GOI and a challenging fight 
which cannot be countered in a military-to-military manner. 
He added that terrorism must be fought by all parts of 
society.  When asked about the effect U.S. military action in 
Iraq had on CT efforts, the Panglima said it was difficult to 
answer for Indonesia because the nation has a very broad 
spectrum of Muslims.  He added that President Yudhoyono wants 
to make the nation a stronger moderate nation. 
 
TNI and Timika 
--------------- 
 
¶8. (C) Senator Feingold asked about continued TNI cooperation 
in the investigation of the 2002 attack in Timika which 
resulted in the death of 2 American citizens including the 
husband of Patsy Spier (Ref B).  The Panglima stated that his 
predecessor invited the FBI to participate in the 
investigation because of his concerns that the TNI had been 
implicated publicly in the attack.  After 21 months, the FBI 
had concluded the TNI was not involved in the attack.  The 
FBI handed over the results of the investigation to the TNI 
which in turn gave the information to the INP.  The Panglima 
said the INP and the Attorney General's Office continue to 
work together on the cases against the 8 who will soon stand 
trial, and he added that FBI involvement in the case added 
credibility to the investigation.  The Panglima added that if 
future evidence suggested TNI involvement in the Timika 
 
JAKARTA 00003482  003 OF 003 
 
 
incident, those implicated would be brought to justice. 
 
Papua 
------ 
 
¶9. (SBU) On Papua, the Panglima said the problem is not one 
of security, but one of politics and public welfare.  He 
added that few TNI soldiers are stationed in the area, and 
their function is to guard the borders.  The TNI has faced 
accusations of wrongdoings in Papua, but the Panglima said 
these are political statements, such as those by 42 Papuans 
seeking refugee status in Australia who claimed the TNI 
tortured them.  The Panglima also recounted an incident where 
three locals demanded payment from TNI soldiers for passage 
over a bridge.  The soldiers refused to pay the illegal tax, 
a conflict ensued, and the soldiers shot the three locals. 
One officer stood trial in a military court for illegally 
discharging a weapon, but media outlets did not cover this 
aspect of the case.  Senator Feingold urged the Panglima to 
allow journalists and independent observers access to the 
area. 
 
¶10. This message was cleared by Codel Feingold. 
PASCOE