Viewing cable 07USUNNEWYORK348
Title: SECURITY COUNCIL ENDS LIBERIA DIAMOND SANCTIONS

IdentifierCreatedReleasedClassificationOrigin
07USUNNEWYORK3482007-05-03 13:32:00 2011-08-30 01:44:00 UNCLASSIFIED USUN New York
VZCZCXYZ0000
OO RUEHWEB

DE RUCNDT #0348 1231332
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 031332Z MAY 07
FM USMISSION USUN NEW YORK
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 1824
INFO RUEHGG/UN SECURITY COUNCIL COLLECTIVE IMMEDIATE
RUEHMV/AMEMBASSY MONROVIA IMMEDIATE 0863
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC IMMEDIATE
UNCLAS USUN NEW YORK 000348 
 
SIPDIS 
 
SIPDIS 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: ETTC UNSC PREL PGOV LI
SUBJECT: SECURITY COUNCIL ENDS LIBERIA DIAMOND SANCTIONS 
 
REF: STATE 55727 
 
¶1. On April 27, the Security Council unanimously adopted 
UNSCR 1753 (text in para 4), which terminated diamond 
sanctions in Liberia.  The Security Council concluded that 
Liberia had met the criteria set out in resolution 1521 
(2003) to create a transparent and internationally verifiable 
certificate of origin scheme for the trade in rough diamonds. 
 
¶2. COMMENT: The termination of the diamond ban in Liberia is 
a sanctions success story.  Since the imposition of the ban 
in 2003, the Security Council, together with the Kimberley 
Process Certification Scheme and other international actors, 
successfully stopped Liberian "blood diamonds" from fueling 
conflict in West Africa.  The Security Council used the 
possibility of lifting the sanctions as a powerful incentive 
to press Liberia to make necessary reforms. 
 
¶3.  COMMENT CONTINUED: The sanctions helped to guide Liberia 
as it charted its way through the rough waters of democratic 
transition and rebuilding after years of civil war.  Although 
Liberia faced many competing priorities over the past four 
years, Security Council sanctions helped the Liberian 
leadership to focus on critical restructuring needs designed 
ultimately to benefit the Liberian people.  The UN Panel of 
Experts told the Liberia Sanctions Committee that Liberia not 
only implemented the much-needed reforms, but the government 
had taken true ownership and responsibility for the diamond 
certification scheme - a development that we hope bodes well 
for Liberia's future.  END COMMENT. 
 
¶4. BEGIN TEXT: 
 
The Security Council, 
 
Recalling its previous resolutions and statements by its 
President on the situation in Liberia and West Africa, 
 
Applauding the Government of Liberia's continuing cooperation 
with the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme and noting 
Liberia's progress towards putting in place the necessary 
internal controls and other requirements in order to satisfy 
the minimum requirements of the Kimberley Process, 
 
Taking note of the letter of the Government of Liberia to the 
Sanctions Committee, with a detailed description of the 
proposed Certificate of Origin regime, dated 4 April 2007, 
 
Welcoming the interim report of the UN Panel of Experts dated 
4 April 2007 and looking forward to the submission by 6 June 
2007 of the UN Panel of Experts final report as requested in 
paragraph 4(d) of resolution 1731 (2006), 
 
Having reviewed the measures imposed and conditions set out 
by paragraphs 6 through 9 of resolution 1521 (2003) and 
concluding that sufficient progress has been made towards 
meeting those conditions, 
 
Determining that the situation in Liberia continues to 
constitute a threat to international peace and security in 
the region, 
 
Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, 
 
¶1. Decides to terminate the measures on diamonds imposed by 
paragraph 6 of resolution 1521 (2003) and renewed by 
paragraph 1 of resolution 1731 (2006); 
 
¶2. Encourages the Kimberley Process to report in ninety (90) 
days to the Council, through the Committee established 
pursuant to resolution 1521 (2003), on Liberia's application 
to the Kimberley Process and calls on the Government of 
Liberia to carry out the recommendations of the expert 
mission identified for the period following admission to the 
Kimberley Process Certification Scheme; 
 
¶3. Decides to review the termination of the measures in 
paragraph 6 of resolution 1521 (2003) after consideration of 
the report of the UN Panel of Experts as requested in 
paragraph 4(d) of resolution 1731 (2006) and of the report of 
the Kimberley Process encouraged in paragraph two (2), with 
particular focus on the compliance of Liberia with the 
Kimberley Process Certification Scheme; 
 
¶4. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter. 
 
END TEXT. 
KHALILZAD