Viewing cable 07VILNIUS647
Title: LITHUANIA: BACKGROUND FOR PRESIDENT'S HUMAN RIGHTS

IdentifierCreatedReleasedClassificationOrigin
07VILNIUS6472007-09-12 13:27:00 2011-08-30 01:44:00 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Vilnius
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FM AMEMBASSY VILNIUS
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 1575
UNCLAS VILNIUS 000647 
 
SIPDIS 
 
SIPDIS 
 
DEPT FOR G, DRL/SEA, AND NSC/DEMOC 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PHUM PREL LH
SUBJECT: LITHUANIA: BACKGROUND FOR PRESIDENT'S HUMAN RIGHTS 
ROUNDTABLE AT 2007 UNGA 
 
REF: A. SECSTATE 125456 
 
     ¶B. VILNIUS 611 
 
¶1.  SUMMARY.  Lithuania actively promotes democracy in the 
"new neighborhood," especially in Belarus.  Post has good 
relations with NGOs, but limited funding to support them. 
The Ambassador and Post work with NGOs, with the GOL, and in 
the media to promote tolerance and encourage the GOL to 
address the historical injustices of the Nazi and Soviet 
occupations.  End Summary. 
 
Lithuania's Democracy Promotion 
------------------------------- 
 
¶2.  The GOL has an active democracy promotion program, which 
focuses on Belarus, Georgia, Ukraine, Moldova, Armenia, and 
Azerbaijan (ref B).  The GOL's priority for human rights 
issues and for promoting democracy is Belarus.  The 
Lithuanian MFA provides support to the families of those who 
have been imprisoned for political reasons in Belarus and 
organizes events such as a recent concert on the border to 
promote contact between the people of the two nations.  The 
GOL's parliamentary exchange program helps to strengthen 
democratic principles in new democracies in the region. 
 
¶3.  The National Endowment for Democracy provides financial 
support for the activities of the International Republican 
Institute (IRI) in Lithuania.  USAID provides financial 
support and computer equipment for the correspondence 
education program at the European Humanities University 
(EHU).  Post maintains close contact with EHU staff. 
 
Post's Support For NGOs 
And Promotion Of Tolerance 
-------------------------- 
 
¶4.  Post maintains close contact with Lithuanian NGOs in 
general, but financial assistance is limited.  We coordinate 
some training opportunities through programs such as the 
International Visitors' program and we are in the final years 
of funding through programs initiated several years ago.  For 
example, Support for Eastern European Democracy (SEED) money 
supports training for judges, prosecutors, and police to 
combat Trafficking in Persons. 
 
¶5.  Post works with NGOs and with the GOL to promote 
tolerance and human rights and to encourage the GOL to 
address the historical injustices of the Nazi and Soviet 
occupations.  The Ambassador spoke about tolerance and 
antidiscrimination legislation at a GOL-hosted conference in 
March.  Post actively discusses the issue of Jewish communal 
property restitution with Government officials and community 
groups, maintains close relations with U.S.-based missionary 
groups, and works with the Government and local and 
international Jewish groups to encourage the GOL to research 
the historical boundaries of a Jewish cemetery in Vilnius and 
to protect it as a cultural heritage site.  The Ambassador 
publicly criticizes anti-Semitic statements in the media and 
encourages GOL officials to do so.  Over the last year, Post 
supported the efforts of the Jewish museum in Vilnius to 
teach local youth about the Holocaust, anti-Semitism, and 
tolerance in schools across the country.  We addressed, in a 
leading daily newspaper, the importance of ensuring a 
diversity of cultural treasures and guarding against 
discrimination in the preservation of cultural heritage -- 
especially where a national, religious, or ethnic group is 
unable to ensure adequate preservation on its own. 
LEADER