Viewing cable 08BRUSSELS1137
Title: A/S FRIED URGES RAPID EU-UN TRANSITION IN KOSOVO

IdentifierCreatedReleasedClassificationOrigin
08BRUSSELS11372008-07-25 09:07:00 2011-08-30 01:44:00 CONFIDENTIAL USEU Brussels
VZCZCXRO6015
PP RUEHFL RUEHKW RUEHLA RUEHROV RUEHSR
DE RUEHBS #1137/01 2070907
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 250907Z JUL 08
FM USEU BRUSSELS
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY
INFO RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC PRIORITY
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC PRIORITY
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC PRIORITY
RUFGSHZ/SACEUR SHAPE BE PRIORITY
RHMFITT/CDR USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE PRIORITY
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 02 BRUSSELS 001137 
 
SIPDIS 
 
DEPARTMENT FOR A/S FRIED, EUR/SCE AND EUR/ERA 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 07/25/2018 
TAGS: PREL EUN UNMIK KV
SUBJECT: A/S FRIED URGES RAPID EU-UN TRANSITION IN KOSOVO 
 
REF: USEU BRUSSELS 1088 
 
Classified By: USEU Political Minister-Counselor Christopher Davis for 
reasons 1.4 (b) and (d). 
 
 ¶1. (C) Summary:  EUR Assistant Secretary Fried emphasized to 
a group of EU Political and Security Committee Ambassadors 
and, separately, to EU Director General Robert Cooper that 
the EU must do more to quickly resolve UNMIK-EULEX transition 
arrangements for Kosovo and should not waste the opportunity 
presented by the combination of relative stability on the 
ground and a moderate government in Pristina.   The EULEX 
mission should be deployed throughout all of Kosovo and 
neither Belgrade nor Moscow should be permitted a de facto 
role in determining the parameters of the mission.  Europen 
officials underscored the EU's commitment t EULEX and 
queried Fried on his assessment ofdevelopments in Serbia. 
EULEX officials reported, subsequent to A/S Fried's 
conversations, that negotiations with the UN remain stalled 
over terms of a Memorandum of Understanding, transfer of 
assets, and privileges and immunities for mission personnel. 
End Summary. 
 
¶2. (C) Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs 
Daniel Fried told a group of ten EU Political and Security 
Committee (PSC) Ambassadors July 23 that the moderate and 
responsive government in Pristina coupled with a relatively 
stable security situation presents the U.S. and the EU with a 
window of opportunity to make progress in Kosovo.  He warned 
that further paralysis in the transition from UNMIK to EULEX 
while Brussels and New York wrestle with arrangements on 
office space will result in a wasted opportunity and will 
present a real risk to European security.   Citing declining 
U.S. and EU political capital with the GoK, Fried emphasized 
the immediate need for EULEX to deploy throughout all of 
Kosovo, albeit cautiously and with little fanfare in the 
North at first.  He urged the assembled European officials 
neither to hide behind their differences in opinion over 
Kosovo's recognition nor to allow Belgrade or Moscow to 
determine the rate and scope of EULEX deployment.  Fried 
underscored that we should not look to NATO to respond to 
instability that results from further delays in transition. 
 
¶3. (C) French Deputy PSC Representative Didier Chabert agreed 
with Fried's comments and emphasized the EU's collective 
willingness to take responsibility for all of Kosovo as 
witnessed by recent EU agreement on the EULEX plan for 
non-majority areas (reported reftel).  Czech PSC Ambassador 
Ivo Sramek noted that the problems between the UN and EU were 
not limited to office space, but rather also involved UNMIK's 
continuing presence in Kosovo and the seeming reluctance of 
UN authorities in New York to engage in good faith.  Belgian 
PSC Ambassador Dirk Wouters admitted that perhaps the EU 
should not wait for all the outstanding issues with the UN to 
be resolved before resuming EULEX deployment.  Responding to 
Wouters' question about how EULEX could best neutralize 
troublemakers in the North, Fried emphasized the importance 
of controlling the borders and arresting individuals who are 
inciting violence.  EULEX "can't give in to the threat of a 
Belgrade mob," said Fried, and if the mission is proactive in 
seeking arrests, EULEX will gain credibility from both sides 
as a result. 
 
¶4. (C) Turning to Serbia, an Austrian official asked for 
Fried's assessment of the implications of the Karadzic 
arrest.  Fried argued that while we should publicly welcome 
the arrest, in private and more generally speaking, Serbian 
Foreign Minister Jeremic should not be given a "free pass" 
and must choose "whether he wants to be a European."  Wouters 
said that the EU was currently experiencing a rare moment of 
opportunity with Serbia's pro-European government, and now 
could be the time to look for a more pragmatic Serbian 
attitude towards the EULEX mission. 
 
¶5. (C)  In a conversation held July 22, EU Council 
Secretariat Director-General for External Relations Robert 
Cooper agreed with Fried's assessment that our "golden 
moment" in Kosovo could soon pass unless the EU was able to 
effectively orchestrate the transition to EULEX.  Balkans 
Policy Unit Director Michael Giffoni told Fried that the EU 
was close to reaching a deal with the UN on privileges and 
immunities and the transfer of assets, but the key 
outstanding issue was the transfer of office space.  Although 
Cooper seemed unaware of the details of the negotiations that 
 
BRUSSELS 00001137  002 OF 002 
 
 
Giffoni described, he noted that the UN and EU would hold 
another negotiating session late on July 22 and promised A/S 
Fried that he would raise the issue to the political level if 
a deal was not quickly reached.  (Note:  Cooper also noted 
that Giffoni has been named Italian Ambassador to Kosovo.) 
 
¶6. (C)  In subsequent conversations with PolOff, Giffoni and 
EULEX Political Advisor Dana Purcarescu said that after the 
July 22 EU-UN discussions, the negotiations remained stalled 
over the issues of the language of the Memorandum of 
Understanding between the two organizations, privileges and 
immunities for the mission, and transfer of 
previously-promised building space.  Purcarescu said that the 
EU has concluded that the UN "doesn't want to play the game" 
because they continue to stall for more time and revisit 
previously-agreed text.  Negotiations will continue, although 
she said that hopes for an agreement in time for a UN 
Security Council meeting on July 25 were quickly fading.  She 
added that mission officials will recommend that HR/SG Solana 
engage more directly with the UN on this issue. 
 
¶7. A/S Fried did not have an opportunity to clear this 
message before departing post. 
 
SILVERBERG 
.