Viewing cable 09ADDISABABA355
Title: AU SUMMIT -- AF ACTING A/S CARTER MEETS WITH

IdentifierCreatedReleasedClassificationOrigin
09ADDISABABA3552009-02-09 16:24:00 2011-08-30 01:44:00 CONFIDENTIAL Embassy Addis Ababa
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FM AMEMBASSY ADDIS ABABA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 3717
INFO RUEHZO/AFRICAN UNION COLLECTIVE
RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 0505
RUEHBS/AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 3258
RUEHRB/AMEMBASSY RABAT 0914
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 7724
RUZEFAA/HQ USAFRICOM STUTTGART GE
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C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 02 ADDIS ABABA 000355 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR AF/FO, AF/RSA, AF/SPG, AND NEA/ELA 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/09/2019 
TAGS: PREL PGOV SU EG AU CD XA
SUBJECT: AU SUMMIT -- AF ACTING A/S CARTER MEETS WITH 
EGYPTIAN ASSISTANT MINISTER 
 
REF: ADDIS 267 
 
Classified By: AMBASSADOR DONALD YAMAMOTO, REASONS 1.4 (B) AND (D). 
 
¶1.  (U) Action request for Embassy Cairo -- see paragraph 10. 
 
¶2.    (C) Summary:  AF Acting Assistant Secretary Phillip 
Carter met February 2 with Egyptian Assistant Minister for 
Africa Mona Omar Atteya on the margins of the African Union 
Summit.  Carter asked Atteya to pressure Sudan to pause in 
military action against the South Darfur town of Muhajariya. 
Atteya sympathized with the urgency of the situation but 
linked the problems to the International Criminal Court 
pending arrest warrant against President Bashir.  Carter said 
the United States had not changed its position that it would 
veto any UNSC resolution to defer an ICC indictment.  End 
Summary. 
 
¶3.    (C) Carter explained to Atteya the situation regarding 
the South Darfur town of Muhajariya, which was occupied by 
Justice and Equality Movement rebel forces two weeks ago and 
which Government of Sudan forces announced a 24 hour notice 
before beginning bombing.  There are 159 Nigerian UNAMID 
troops in town who have been ordered by UNAMID headquarters 
to hold their ground.  They are protecting a large number of 
internally displaced persons.  The GOS has announced that it 
will begin intensive bombing of the town to dislodge the 
rebels.  The United States has intervened both with JEM and 
GOS to take a pause in the fighting and travel directly to 
Doha to begin negotiations.  Carter said he met with GOS 
Presidential Advisers Nafie Ali Nafie and Mustafa Ismael the 
previous evening (see reftel), who had told him that they 
would continue to press military action while agreeing to 
negotiate. 
 
¶4.    (C) Carter noted that Egypt has good channels of 
communication with Sudan, and he looked to Atteya for 
support.  Atteya said it is a question of national security. 
The situation on the ground is very complex, and the 
international community should join hands to avoid the 
potentially significant loss of life.  She noted that the 
GOS's position is significantly weakened, and the 
International Criminal Court's (ICC) imminent arrest warrant 
of President Bashir is likely to complicate matters.  Atteya 
asked if the United States would consider supporting a UNSC 
Article XVI deferral of the ICC indictment. 
 
¶5.    (C) Carter said the GOS should agree to a pause in its 
military operations and show more cooperation in other areas 
for its own good, regardless of the ICC indictment.  Carter 
said he told AU Commissioner Ping, Peace and Security 
Commissioner Lamamra, and the GOS that the United States had 
not changed its opposition to a deferral of the ICC arrest 
warrant.  Sudan needs to move forward with clear and 
measurable actions.  On the contrary, the humanitarian 
situation has deteriorated as a result of GOS action or 
inaction since July 14, 2008, when the ICC indictment was 
first announced.  The entire GOS, not just President Bashir, 
has the responsibility to do something. 
 
¶6.    (C) Atteya said there has been lots of progress in the 
last five years and remaining problems are not just the fault 
of the GOS.  She said she understands the rhythm is slow and 
the GOS are masters of the missed opportunity.  The role of 
the United States is crucial.  Atteya said the GOS has been 
telling her they are doing everything they can and it is 
never enough.  She had heard there had been a sharp exchange 
between UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon and President Bashir 
the previous day, which Carter confirmed having heard a 
similar report.  Atteya said they need more time to formulate 
a strategy and you do not want to push them against a wall. 
 
¶7.    (C) Carter said there is no quid pro quo.  The GOS has 
had time to make changes in its policy and has not done so. 
The ICC verdict will not change the fact that the GOS has to 
cooperate more, and GOS officials have to be encouraged to 
help themselves.  Carter said he appreciates the good working 
relationship with Egypt. 
 
¶8.    (C) Atteya agreed.  She noted that she had accompanied 
President Mubarak to Egypt's New Partnership for Africa's 
Development Workshop and Peer Review Mechanism.  She had also 
just attended a peer review of the government of Benin, and 
 
ADDIS ABAB 00000355  002 OF 002 
 
 
had been impressed by the very frank assessment of corruption 
in that country.  She said:  "The discussion was amazing. 
Africa is really changing." 
 
¶9.    (C) Comment:  Atteya's relatively unsympathetic 
reaction and focus on the ICC verdict is inconsistent with 
the tone coming from Egyptian officials in Washington 
(including Ambassador Shoukry) when State officials discussed 
Sudan topics, particularly Article XVI.  It is also at odds 
with the statements made by Sudanese Foreign Minister Deng 
Alor regarding how President Mubarak has reached out to the 
Sudan People's Liberation Movement and no longer defends the 
Government of Sudan (Addis 0269).  End Comment. 
 
¶10.   (C) Action Request for Embassy Cairo:  Given the 
apparent discrepancies, Washington would appreciate it if 
post could approach Egyptian officials to clarify Egypt's 
position on Sudan. 
 
¶11.   (U) Acting A/S Carter has approved this message. 
YAMAMOTO