Viewing cable 09USNATO361
Title: AUGUST 19 NORTH ATLANTIC COUNCIL MEETING:

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09USNATO3612009-08-20 19:51:00 2011-08-30 01:44:00 SECRET Mission USNATO
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TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 3315
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S E C R E T SECTION 01 OF 03 USNATO 000361 
 
SIPDIS 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 08/20/2019 
TAGS: PREL NATO MARR MOPS AF PK UK XG RS
SUBJECT: AUGUST 19 NORTH ATLANTIC COUNCIL MEETING: 
AFGHANISTAN AND RUSSIA 
 
REF: A. USNATO 359 
     ¶B. USNATO 348 
 
Classified By: A/PolAd A. "Hoot" Baez.  Reasons: 1.4 (b) and (d). 
 
(C) SUMMARY: This is a summary of the August 19 meeting of 
the North Atlantic Council (NAC): 
 
-- Afghanistan: Preparations for the August 20 elections 
dominated the discussion, with the Secretary General arguing 
that the elections represented a milestone in the ability of 
Afghan's to deliver their own governance.  The Director of 
the International Military Staff confirmed that 100 percent 
of all election support forces had arrived in Afghanistan and 
were fully operational.  The International Military Staff 
presented a briefing on the IED threat to ISAF forces.  NATO 
hopes to meet next week with the UAE for further negotiations 
on AWACS basing.  A discussion of the Shia law was reported 
ref A. 
 
-- Russia: The Secretary General said he found his first 
meeting with Russian Ambassador Rogozin to be "overall 
positive."  He intends to schedule an informal PermRep 
discussion of NATO-Russia relations soon after the August 
break.  The U.S. expressed concern about statements by 
Rogozin that suggest Russia is not committed to real reform 
of the NATO-Russia Council.  The U.S. also noted the need to 
remain firm on the Alliance's position of Georgian 
territorial integrity. 
 
END SUMMARY 
 
Afghanistan 
----------- 
 
¶2. (C/REL NATO) Elections: At the August 19 meeting of the 
North Atlantic Council, NATO Secretary General Rasmussen said 
that the situation in Afghanistan was being dominated by the 
preparations for the August 20 elections.  In this regard, he 
praised the efforts of the Afghan National Security Forces 
(ANSF) and ISAF.  He argued that, despite certain 
short-comings, the elections were a milestone in 
Afghanistan's history: the Afghan-led elections demonstrated 
the Afghan's capacity to deliver their own governance. 
 
¶3. (C/REL NATO) Elections Continued: The Director of the NATO 
International Military Staff (DIMS) confirmed that 100 
percent of all election support forces had arrived in 
Afghanistan and were fully operational.  He was confident in 
post-election contingency planning, citing strong commitments 
from Allies and increased ANSF capabilities.  In Badghis 
province, local elders brokered a ceasefire deal between 
Taliban groups and the Afghan government to increase Pashtun 
participation in elections.  In response to Germany,s 
 
USNATO 00000361  002 OF 003 
 
 
question on whether President Karzai,s brother Ahmid Wali 
Karzai had done the same in the south to allow more Pashtuns 
to vote, DIMS did not deny nor confirm, citing a lack of 
evidence. 
 
¶4. (S/REL NATO) Afghanistan IED Threat.  In response to 
Allied questions in previous NAC meetings, the International 
Military Staff's Assistant Director for Intelligence, Karen 
Laino, provided a briefing on the improvised explosive device 
(IED) threat faced by ISAF forces in Afghanistan.  She noted 
that IEDs had increased 88 percent when comparing the first 
six months of this year with the first six months of 2008. 
At the same time, she noted that civilian casualties from 
IEDs had not significantly increased, adding that was 
probably due to instructions from insurgent leadership.  She 
said that most IEDs were rather basic and that the primary 
threat was from better employment of IEDs by the insurgents, 
rather than more sophisticated IEDs.  At the same time, she 
acknowledged that there was evidence that Iran had provided 
some material support to the insurgent IED capability.  Both 
DIMS and Laino said increasing ANSF support and NATO 
pre-deployment IED training was the best way to counter the 
IED threat.  She noted some additional steps NATO could take 
to better counter this threat, including creating a NATO-wide 
IED database and working toward accreditation of a Center of 
Excellence on the subject in Spain. 
 
¶5. (C/REL NATO) AWACS.  In response to a question from the 
German Ambassador on the current status of AWACS deployment, 
NATO Deputy Assistant Secretary for Operations, Ambassador 
Rossin, said that his staff was trying to arrange talks with 
the UAE for the following week, but that it was not clear 
whether or not that would in fact take place.  He said that 
the next round of talks should make clear whether the UAE's 
political will to conclude an agreement will provie 
sufficient flexibity in its position.  If it does, Rossin 
hopes to be able to go back to the NATO Political Committee 
with an ad ref agreed arrangement.  If it does not appear the 
UAE will have sufficient flexibility, he will said he would 
talk to the Secretary General about proposed next steps. 
 
¶6. (C/REL NATO) Next NAC: Rasmussen announced that he had 
called for an extraordinary meeting of the Council on August 
21 to discuss the August 20 elections.  He said the the 
Commander of the NATO-led International Security Assistance 
Force and the NATO Senior Civilian Representative in Kabul 
will address the NAC via video-teleconference. 
 
¶7. (C/REL NATO) A discussion of the Shia law was reported in 
ref A. 
 
Russia 
------ 
 
 
USNATO 00000361  003 OF 003 
 
 
¶8. (C/NF) Rasmussen drew Allies attention to the report he 
had circulated on his first meeting with Russian Ambassador 
to NATO Rogozin (ref B).  He said that he viewed the meeting 
as overall positive, adding that it appeared from the media 
coverage that Rogozin felt the same.  He said, however, that 
he also felt the Alliance needed to remain firm in its 
discussions with Russia, noting that he had raised the 
Alliance's continuing commitment to an Open Door policy. 
Rasmussen said that he intended to raise NATO-Russia 
relations in one of PermReps' first informal meeting sessions 
after the August holiday.  He said that he hoped that 
capitals will have had a chance to review the non-paper 
Rogozin provided him by that point. 
 
¶9. (C/NF) Charge Byrnes noted concern with Rogozin's 
statements that Russia did not want to eliminate any 
NATO-Russia Council (NRC) Working Groups, suggesting that 
this might indicate that Russia was not serious about taking 
forward the NRC reforms proposed in the draft "way forward" 
paper which Ministers had agreed at Corfu to continue to work 
on.  She also said that it was important when remaining firm 
and talking frankly with Russia to remind Russia of the 
Alliance's position on Georgian territorial integrity.  In 
response, Rasmussen said that he intended to press for reform 
of the NRC, while recognizing that this would not be easy. 
He failed to respond, however, to the issue of Georgian 
territorial integrity. 
 
¶10. (C/NF) Canada urged that the forthcoming PermRep 
discussion of NATO-Russia relations include the issue of 
Russia-Ukraine relations. 
BYRNES