C O N F I D E N T I A L VILNIUS 000466
E.O. 12958: DECL: 09/02/2019
TAGS: PREL PGOV EUN LH
SUBJECT: GIMNICH DISCUSSION WILL REFINE EU POLICIES FOR
Classified By: CLASSIFIED BY CHARGE D'AFFAIRES DAMIAN LEADER, FOR REASO
NS 1.4 (B) AND (D).
Â¶1. (C) Summary. The head of MFA's Common Foreign and
Security Policy Division, Egidijus Navikas said that Foreign
Ministers plan to adopt an EU strategy for Afghanistan and
Pakistan at the next GAERC meeting and will use the GIMNICH
discussion to refine policies. He shared a white paper (sent
to EUR/NB, EUR/ERA) which outlines suggested elements for
discussion concerning Afghanistan and Pakistan. Navikas
said that the GIMNICH agenda also includes a broad discussion
on the EU itself. End summary.
Â¶2. (C) We met with Navikas on August 31 to discuss the
upcoming GIMNICH meetings. Navikas said that the GOL will
not be heavily engaged in the GIMNICH agenda (the GOL is very
active in Afghanistan but most of its contributions are at
the bilateral level rather than the EU level).
Â¶3. (C) Navikas said that the Foreign Ministers plan to adopt
an EU strategy for Afghanistan and Pakistan at the next GAERC
meeting on September 14-15. He shared a white paper that
will be used for discussion at the GIMNICH. The paper
suggests that, in general, separate mandates are appropriate
for Afghanistan and Pakistan because complex issues affecting
either country cannot be treated as a single policy. However
the paper identifies a few areas which "call for a shared
-- enhanced regional cooperation,
-- improved EU-coordination as part of international
-- enhanced trans-Atlantic cooperation to focus on areas
related to the institutional side of security, civilian
governance, capacity building and rule of law.
Regarding Afghanistan the paper outlines a plan to:
-- increase Afghan ownership in reconstruction initiatives
-- strengthen rule of law and governance and
-- enhance the effectiveness of EU presence and activities in
Regarding Pakistan the paper outlines a plan to:
-- support the Malakand Development Strategy,
-- strengthen cooperation on democracy, governance and rule
-- enhance cooperation on socio-economic development and
-- strengthen the EU-Pakistan dialogue and partnership.
Â¶4. (C) We urged the GOL to use its influence in the EU to
fill the 140 approved but vacant EUPOL positions. Navikas
said the GOL supports strengthening of the EUPOL mission.
(Comment. At present the GOL has four EUPOL resources in
Afghanistan including three police mentors and one resource
from the prosecutor's office. End comment). The white paper
suggests that EUPOL has been hampered by a lack of funding
and that the EU is looking into establishing a funding
mechanism to support EUPOL activities.
Â¶5. (C) We asked the GOL to encourage EU member states to
begin preparations for specific measures, possibly including
additional sanctions if Iran fails to respond to U.S. and EU
diplomatic efforts. We also asked the GOL to help advocate
for the five Americans missing in Iran.
Â¶6. (C) Navickas said that the GOL favors the two-state
solution for Israel and Palestine and supports EU and U.S.
efforts in this area. He expects that the EU special
representative will propose deeper EU engagement in the
Israeli - Palestinian peace process. He also stated that the
GOL supports U.S. diplomatic efforts to freeze Israeli
settlements in East Jerusalem and in the West Bank.
Â¶7. (C) Navikas said that the GIMNICH agenda also includes a
broad discussion on the EU itself which he referred to as a
"contest of smartness" among the participants. He said the
discussion will likely center on people, structure, funding,
experiences gained and priorities including stability and
prosperity in the EU neighborhood, effective crisis
management (globally) and relationships with central partners.