Viewing cable 09VILNIUS605
Title: LITHUANIA FOCUSED ON BELARUS, RUSSIA AND UKRAINE

IdentifierCreatedReleasedClassificationOrigin
09VILNIUS6052009-11-13 13:23:00 2011-08-30 01:44:00 CONFIDENTIAL Embassy Vilnius
VZCZCXRO7360
PP RUEHDBU RUEHFL RUEHKW RUEHLA RUEHNP RUEHROV RUEHSL RUEHSR
DE RUEHVL #0605 3171323
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 131323Z NOV 09
FM AMEMBASSY VILNIUS
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 3882
INFO RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
C O N F I D E N T I A L VILNIUS 000605 
 
SIPDIS 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 11/13/2019 
TAGS: PREL PGOV EUN LH
SUBJECT: LITHUANIA FOCUSED ON BELARUS, RUSSIA AND UKRAINE 
AT GAERC 
 
REF: VILNIUS 602 
 
Classified By: DCM Damian R. Leader for reasons 1.4(b) and (d). 
 
¶1.  (C) Summary.  The head of MFA's Common Foreign and 
Security Policy Division, Egidijus Navikas said Foreign 
Minister Usackas will focus on Belarus, Russia and Ukraine at 
the next GAERC meeting.  Usackas will stress that the EU 
should monitor and assign target dates for Belarus to 
implement benchmark conditions including releasing political 
prisoners, allowing free media, registering NGOs and 
reforming the electoral code.  Regarding Russia, Navikas said 
that Usackas will endorse constructive but critical 
engagement at the EU level.  The FM will also speak on 
Ukraine highlighting gas transit and energy issues; the 
economic situation and domestic politics; Ukraine's progress 
on its association agreement and the longer term goal of a 
visa free regime. 
 
¶2.  (C) Navikas said that the EU Council Conclusions on 
Belarus (reftel) are already approved and the discussion at 
GAERC will be political statements rather than negotiations. 
Usackas will stress that the EU should monitor and assign 
target dates for Belarus to implement benchmark conditions 
including releasing political prisoners, allowing free media, 
registering NGOs and reforming the electoral code.  Navikas 
acknowledged that target dates may be viewed as "wishful 
thinking" but reasoned that deadlines could introduce 
pressure to implement change in a timely manner.  He also 
said that Usackas supports visa facilitation with Belarus. 
 
¶3.  (C) Navikas said that EU Foreign Ministers will use the 
GAERC discussion to prepare for the EU-Russia summit on 
November 18.  Usackas will endorse constructive but critical 
engagement with Russia at the EU level.  Navikas said that 
Usackas will focus on Russia's interpretation of history and 
its approach to common neighbors.  Further to recent remarks 
by President Medvedev including the "Go Russia" speech, 
Usackas wants the EU to help the Russian people to understand 
their identity which is separate from the Soviet Union and 
separate from Stalin.  Navikas said that Usackas will also 
call on the EU to encourage Russia to keep international 
commitments including the Energy Charter Treaty (ECT) and WTO 
commitments. 
 
¶4.  (C) Navikas said that the FM will also speak on Ukraine. 
He said that gas transit and energy issues could become a 
problem and we should do everything possible to avoid a 
repeat scenario of last winter's gas prices in Ukraine. 
Regarding Ukraine's economic and domestic political 
situations, Navikas said that the EU should mentor Ukraine 
especially with the Presidential elections in January. 
Usackas will encourage the EU to recognize the substantial 
progress that Ukraine has made on its' association agreement. 
 Navikas explained that Ukraine wants the EU to recognize 
their EU identity and perspective.  Finally, as a long term 
goal, Navikas said that the EU should provide Ukraine with 
benchmarks to achieve a visa-free regime. 
 
¶5.  (C) Aside from neighborhood issues Navikas said that 
Usackas will contribute to the discussion on Afghanistan 
development and how development policies should support the 
democratization process.  He said that the FM  will highlight 
the GOL's efforts to promote democracy at its PRT in Ghor. 
The FM will also mention the Community of Democracies, which 
Lithuania now chairs, and its possible role in Afghanistan 
issues. 
DERSE